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Conda, Python & R


[..]$ module load Anaconda3

One time setup#

[..]$ conda config --add channels defaults
[..]$ conda config --add channels bioconda
[..]$ conda config --add channels conda-forge
[..]$ conda init

Log out and log in to Elja again. Your conda is now ready.

Create environments (and install packages):

For example:

[..]$ conda create -y -p /hpcdata/Mimir/<uname>/env_mimir bowtie2

This will create an environment called “env_mimir” and install bowtie2 (and some dependencies). All binaries go into /hpcdata/Mimir/<uname>/env_mimir

When installation is complete activate your environment:

[..]$ conda activate /hpcdata/Mimir/<uname>/env_mimir

This environment contains bowtie2:

(../<uname>/env_mimir) [..]$ bowtie2 --version
/hpcdata/Mimir/<uname>/env_mimir/bin/bowtie2-align-s version 2.4.5

You can install additional packages into this environment:

(../<uname>/env_mimir) [..]$ conda install -c bioconda macs2

After the installation the environment contains macs2 in addition to bowtie2:

(../<uname>/env_mimir) [..]$ macs2 --version

To leave the environment type:

(../<uname>/env_mimir) [..]$ conda deactivate

You can always start a new environment and install different packages into it, e.g.:

[..]$ conda create -y -p /hpcdata/Mimir/<uname>/env_mimir2
[..]$ conda activate /hpcdata/Mimir/<uname>/env_mimir2
(../<uname>/env_mimir2) [..]$ conda install -c bioconda trim-galore
(../<uname>/env_mimir2) [..]$ trim_galore --version
[powered by Cutadapt]
version 0.6.7
Last update: 11 05 2020

This allows you to have separate environments for different tasks.

If you are not using a particular environment anymore please remove it like this:

[..]$ conda env remove --name env_name

This removes the installed binaries, and saves up space for other users.


A specialized version of Python - Biopython - is available for use on Elja. The base version of Python is 3.9.6. It includes pip 21.2.2.

[..]$ module load Biopython
[..]$ python --version
Python 3.9.6
[..]$ $ pip --version
pip 21.2.2

In order to install your own Python packages with pip the flag --user must be included to install the packages locally (in your homespace), for example:

[..]$ pip install --user alfpy

The Python package alfpy is installed, and is located in /users/home/<uname>/.local/lib/python3.9/site-packages/:

[..]$ python
>>> import alfpy
>>> print(alfpy.__version__)



Mimir users! It is recommended that the user creates a directory called “.local/R/library” in their /hpcdata/Mimir/<uname> directory.

[..]$ mkdir -p /hpcdata/Mimir/<uname>/.local/R/library

and uses this directory to install additional R packages via CRAN. For R packages installed with release binaries (.tar.gz files for example), another directory is created:

[..]$ mkdir -p /hpcdata/Mimir/<uname>/.local/R_libs

To make use of these directory it is further recommented to create a small bash script (for example .bashrc_R) which includes these lines:

[..]$ cat >> ~/.bashrc_R << EOF
# add these lines after '>' one-by-one:
> module load R
> if [ -n $R_LIBS ]; then
> export R_LIBS=/hpcdata/Mimir/$USER/.local/R/library:/hpcdata/Mimir/$USER/.local/R_libs$R_LIBS
> else
> export R_LIBS=/hpcdata/Mimir/$USER/.local/R/library:/hpcdata/Mimir/$USER/.local/R_libs
> fi

Sourcing this bash script loads in the R module, and appends your local directory to the R-library list.

[..]$ R --version
R version 4.1.2 (2021-11-01) -- "Bird Hippie"
Copyright (C) 2021 The R Foundation for Statistical Computing
Platform: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu (64-bit)
[..]$ R
> .libPaths()
[1] "/hpcdata/Mimir/<uname>/.local/R/library"
[2] "/hpcdata/Mimir/<uname>/.local/R_libs"
[3] "/hpcapps/lib-mimir/software/R/4.1.2-foss-2021b/lib64/R/library"

The ordering of the library paths is important, since it will first look in your local libraries when loading an R packages.

To install a package via CRAN to this library type, for example :

> install.packages("vioplot", repos="", lib="/hpcdata/Mimir/<uname>/.local/R/library")

To load the package type:

> library("vioplot")

To install R packages from a source directory (release binaries), we first download the package. For example:

[..]$ wget

Run the command below to install the package to your “R_libs” directory. If we do not specify the path, installation will fail since by default the package will be installed in root directory which you do not have write priviliges to.

[..]$ R CMD INSTALL --library=/hpcdata/Mimir/<uname>/.local/R_libs ggplot2_2.0.0.tar.gz

Open the R console and load the package with the following command:

> library("ggplot2")